Atlantis: The Lost City

15Sep09

487Px-Townsend Lloyd K - AtlantisThe story of Atlantis begins quite literally with two of Plato’s dialogues, Timaeus and Critias. These accounts are the only known written records which refer specifcally to a lost civilization called Atlantis. Many people believe the tale to be complete fiction, the creation of a philosopher’s imagination used to illustrate an argument. Others believe that the story was inspired by catastrophic events which may have destroyed the Minoan civilization on Crete and Thera. Still others maintain that the story is an accurate representation of a long lost and almost completely forgotten land.

While little known during the Middle Ages, the story of Atlantis was rediscovered by Humanists in the Early Modern period. Plato’s description inspired the utopian works of several Renaissance writers, like Francis Bacon’s “New Atlantis”. Atlantis inspires today’s literature, from science fiction to comic books to films, its name having become a byword for any and all supposed advanced prehistoric lost civilizations.

According to Plato

Atlantis2Over 11,000 years ago there existed an island nation located in the middle of the Atlantic ocean populated by a noble and powerful race. The people of this land possessed great wealth thanks to the natural resources found throughout their island. The island was a center for trade and commerce. The rulers of this land held sway over the people and land of their own island and well into Europe and Africa.

This was the island of Atlantis.

Atlantis was the domain of Poseidon, god of the sea. When Poseidon fell in love with a mortal woman, Cleito, he created a dwelling at the top of a hill near the middle of the island and surrounded the dwelling with rings of water and land to protect her.

Cleito gave birth to five sets of twin boys who became the first rulers of Atlantis. The island was divided among the brothers with the eldest, Atlas, first King of Atlantis, being given control over the central hill and surrounding areas.

At the top of the central hill, a temple was built to honor Poseidon which housed a giant gold statue of Poseidon riding a chariot pulled by winged horses. It was here that the rulers of Atlantis would come to discuss laws, pass judgments, and pay tribute to Poseidon..

To facilitate travel and trade, a water canal was cut through of the rings of land and water running south for 5.5 miles (~9 km) to the sea.

The city of Atlantis sat just outside the outer ring of water and spread across the plain covering a circle of 11 miles (1.7 km). This was a densely populated area where the majority of the population lived.

Atlantis.CityBeyond the city lay a fertile plain 330 miles (530 km) long and 110 miles (190 km) wide surrounded by another canal used to collect water from the rivers and streams of the mountains. The climate was such that two harvests were possible each year. One in the winter fed by the rains and one in the summer fed by irrigation from the canal.

Surrounding the plain to the north were mountains which soared to the skies. Villages, lakes, rivers, and meadows dotted the mountains.

Besides the harvests, the island provided all kinds of herbs, fruits, and nuts. An abundance of animals, including elephants, roamed the island.

For generations the Atlanteans lived simple, virtuous lives. But slowly they began to change. Greed and power began to corrupt them. When Zeus saw the immorality of the Atlanteans he gathered the other gods to determine a suitable punishment.

Soon, in one violent surge it was gone. The island of Atlantis, its people, and its memory were swallowed by the sea.

Possible Locations

Mediterranean Sea

800Px-Location Hypothesis Of Atlantis In Med

Most of the historically proposed locations are in or near the Mediterranean Sea: islands such as Sardinia, Crete and Santorini, Sicily, Cyprus, and Malta; land-based cities or states such as Troy, Tartessos, and Tantalus (in the province of Manisa), Turkey; and Israel-Sinai or Canaan. The Thera eruption, dated to the 17th or 16th century BC, caused a large tsunami that experts hypothesize devastated the Minoan civilization on the nearby island of Crete, further leading some to believe that this may have been the catastrophe that inspired the story. A. G. Galanopoulos argued that the time scale has been distorted by an error in translation, probably from Egyptian into Greek, which produced “thousands” instead of “hundreds”; this same error would rescale Plato’s Kingdom of Atlantis to the size of Crete, while leaving the city the size of the crater on Thera; 900 years before Solon would be the 15th century BC. In the area of the Black Sea the following locations have been proposed: Bosporus and Ancomah (a legendary place near Trabzon). The Sea of Azov was proposed in 2003. The map above illustrates potential locations in the Mediterranean region.

Atlantic Ocean

800Px-Location Hypothesis Of Atlantis - Worldwide

The location of Atlantis in the Atlantic Ocean has certain appeal given the closely related names. Popular culture often places Atlantis there, perpetuating the original Platonic setting. Several hypotheses place the sunken island in northern Europe, including Sweden (by Olof Rudbeck in Atland, 1672–1702), or in the North Sea. Some have proposed the Celtic Shelf and Andalusia as possible locations, and that there is a link to Ireland. The Canary Islands have also been identified as a possible location, west of the Straits of Gibraltar but in proximity to the Mediterranean Sea. Various islands or island groups in the Atlantic were also identified as possible locations, notably the Azores. However detailed geological studies of the Canary Islands, the Azores, and the ocean bottom surrounding them found a complete lack of any evidence for the catastrophic subsidence of these islands at any time during their existence and a complete lack of any evidence that the ocean bottom surrounding them was ever dry land at any time in the past. The submerged island of Spartel near the Strait of Gibraltar has also been suggested.

Elsewhere

Caribbean locations such as Cuba, the Bahamas, and the Bermuda Triangle have been proposed as sites of Atlantis. Areas in the Pacific and Indian Oceans have also been proposed including Indonesia, Malaysia or both (i.e. Sundaland) and stories of a lost continent off India named “Kumari Kandam” have inspired some to draw parallels to Atlantis, as has the Yonaguni formation of Japan. Antarctica has also been suggested.

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Text is derived from Wikipedia.

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60 Responses to “Atlantis: The Lost City”

  1. 1 katiebooski

    verry interesting. great article jfray :]

  2. 2 Behind The Sun

    No sleep tonight so I got to read this. This could have been expanded to include some of the cultural impact the “Lost City” has had on modern civilization. I enjoyed Plato’s take on the legend but such a huge topic could have been expanded upon in so many interesting ways.

  3. 3 EARS

    The place surely existed. The question would be when. Pre-historic times. It existed before human kept written records or,the more likely, that it existed before a prior global crisis.

  4. 4 Demi

    MMM the mystic city of Atlantis

  5. 5 Ny

    I’ve always loved the myth of Atlantis, a mysterious city under the water (reminds me of the castle in Little Mermaid). Another great article, JFrater, and I am pleased to announce that Cogitz has moved up my internet schedule to second – after LV, of course.

  6. 6 Karan

    Was Atlantis just a figment of imagination of what today’s industrially developed countries looked like back then.I mean it still exists but is now known as Australia,Malaysia,Cambodia(Angkor Wat),Italy or Bermuda.Is there any physical evidence regarding the existence of such a city?.

    P.S : An interesting topic for the next post -Angkor Wat

  7. 7 appie

    topics about Atlantis fascinates me,.I hope the truth about this place will be revealed,..someday,.in time,.

  8. 8 Lim of St Francis Institution and MMU

    EIGHTTTTTTTTTT!!!!!! This article is so typical .So overdone JFRater. How about something we never heard of or rarely heard of before. Atlantis is …. how do i put it? Something you’d find in every site or books on mysterious stuff. You’d better find something new before this site becomes something boring or just another site on “mysterious stuff we seen every other site”.

    P.S: what is wrong with SEEEECCCCOONNNNNNNN!!!!!!!????

    • 9 Ny

      Seriously, do you even read the things, or just jump down to the bottom to type a ‘hilariously’ (a term used very loosly here) misspelled and over-punctuated exclamation based on the number of your comment?

      Sorry for this, JFrater, but it has to be said.

  9. 10 Zenayda

    I always thought it was simply a myth. Without solid evidence to the contrary, I’m going to continue believing it’s all a myth.

  10. i second the suggestion to cover angkor wat.
    that place is freaky as fuck.

  11. 12 appie

    Hi jfrater!.is there any articles coming yet? I’ve been visitng here for two days and find nothing new..can’t wait for the next article..=)

  12. 13 Kay

    I think Atlantis is in the burmuda triangle. That’s why so many people disappear. They go to Atlantis!

    • i dont quite agree here. it made me laugh though. IF atlantis ever was real wouldnt its evidence be detroyed? with that much pressure under the sea how would the structures hold? the bremuda triangle would be where boats and planes disappear not go underwater.

  13. 15 Mary

    I’m with Appie. Have been looking for new articles. Hope you’re okay Jamie!

  14. 16 Madhatter

    Jamie, where is another list?

  15. 17 imcrystalclear

    I have always thought that the history of Atlantis was cool. I think it would be great if it were true, and I would love for it to be proved at some point. I only think that no matter how much I wish it were true is only that, a wish. Thank so much for the research and the time you take to write informative articles. I anxiously wait for the next one. This and LV are my favorites. I find that after I read your articles I then must go and do further research. I do the same thing on some of the lists I read on List Universe. Thanks for keeping my mind inquiring. (:

  16. 18 anniegirl

    Are you going to keep doing posts here? I miss them. I’ve been checking every day. 😦

  17. 19 katiebooski

    Jfray I keep checking and i keep getting disappointed :[

    you okay bb?

  18. 20 Heat

    No new list 😥 jaime do something!

  19. 21 appie

    I missed reading articles here,.ei Jfray, wazzup?

    hope to hear from you soon,..

  20. 22 FreckledSmile99

    Okay, so now I am worried too! JFrater – are you okay????

  21. 23 Heat

    Jaime, this website is dying. Do something! 😥

  22. 24 mia

    i hope everything okay!!

  23. 25 Lim of St.Francis Institution and MMU

    I think he actually wanted to write boring things like Bermuda Triangle, Bigfoot, or UFO sightings but after reading my comments I think he decided to find more interesting stuff. Take your time JFRater, the last thing i want is another article on Bermuda triangle or chupbachabra.
    Don’t get me wrong I love this site. The first few article were good , then comes this Atlantis thingy.

  24. 26 appie

    what’s wrong with Atlantis article? I mean there’s nothing wrong writing about this topic or any topic at all,.if you can’t find it interesting, well, it is in fact to other people.

    this is a sign that this myth, history or hearsay or whatever you call it, never dies.,

    come on! you are not the last generation of this universe..and this information is not only for you but for the next generations that are yet to come,..

  25. 27 mickey

    long time fan….. first time commenting. i hope all is well.

  26. 28 Demi

    And the worrying starts

  27. 29 Anon

    Please update!

  28. 30 Sabrina

    Dude, What’s up? Why haven’t you updated this website?? You certainly are on top of things at Listverse. Hope everything is cool.

  29. 31 katiebooski

    you could at least tell us what’s going on…

  30. 32 EARS

    The end. (?)

  31. 33 imcrystalclear

    I think there is a lot of research for some of these articles to be written. I agree, I love this site. I think we should all try find something we think would interest others and perhaps submit an article to Jfrater to possibly publish it on this site, therefore it wouldn’t be as much work for him to keep both sites going.

    What do you all think? I’m looking for something of interest to research and hopefully submit it to Jfrater for adding to this site.

    Thanks for all your work Jfrater.

  32. 34 aceman

    i think this site is dead. oh well, good times.. good times..

  33. 35 Bad Hair Bear

    I hate to say it but I think Cogitz is dead.. Can’t for the life of me understand why (it’s not as if Listverse has had any problems recently) but hey, that’s the way of the world.

    So long, cogitz.. it was a short life, but a fascinating one.

  34. 36 Jenna

    Laaaammmmmeee! (not the article…but the lack thereof!)
    Come on Jamie!

  35. 37 SomeBigBlackRapperTypeGuy

    YO YO YO DAWG!! Wuz up on dis here site mang? I mean at first I was all up on here like ” Frater has a new site? WHAT? HOLLA!!” Now I’m kinda like “yo Frater you lettn’ me down dawg….” I mean damn man, brohtas need to read some macabre shit to sometimes dude…..there’s always Listverse, but still……you lettin’ me down son….but don’t get me wrong man, you still be my hommie.

    Yours Truly,

    SomeBigBlackRapperTypeGuy

  36. 38 Allergy

    Folks, its been 10 days… let’s not start losing it. 😀

    • 39 anniegirl

      It would be nice to have a response, though, so we knew what was up. I mean, I’d like to know if I’m wasting my time by checking every day. I hope not, but I’m just sayin’. Does anyone know anything?

  37. Okay – new article posted. The reason for my absence (which I should have explained earlier) is that I started doing studies this week and the workload has been a lot greater than I anticipated.

    The good news is that the site will continue 🙂 Sorry for not informing you all sooner.

    • 41 katiebooski

      YAYYYYYYY 🙂

  38. 42 anniegirl

    thank you!

  39. 43 appie

    great! so glad you’re back!

  40. 44 erickarthik

    good stuff !!!

    As an Indian I heard about Kumari Kandam from my grand parents and never thought that it was an actual writing. But thanks to you i was able to get some reading.

    One interesting point to note here is that usually the Tamils think they are have the best civilization in the world and its only natural to think that only they could come up with such a well made story. Then again there is the the “Kerguelen Plateau” in the Indian ocean which is believed to have existed as a continent some 20 million years ago. Interesting indeed !!!

    Incase if Atlantis did exist, then it would most probably be in the Mediterranean sea or the Atlantic ocean. at no point in time i can imagine the Indian Culture to be similar to any of the Greek or other cultures

  41. 45 zak tortelli

    Atlantis exists.

    Think of the aliens we see every day; reported by air pilots and policemen.

    Think of the evidence for abduction impregnation and drugging of victims who are abductees.

    Think of the very modern phenomenon of transsexuals. These have only been around since the 1950s when aliens from Atlantis first thrust upwards from their watery homes.

    The aliens are the exact same spirits which the Scientologists have revealed for many years. These aliens living in Atlantis have been conducting experiments on us. The so called transsexuals are the result of experiments where aliens have not been able to take on woman form and end up being surgeried to men.

    Atlantis is located off the coast of Mexico, not the country of Europe.

    • 46 appie

      interesting! 😀
      where did you get this idea?
      nice logic! 😛 and imagination perhaps!

  42. 47 Richard Welch

    Though there has been a lot of wild-eyed speculation about the locale of Atlantis, the fact is that it was exactly where Plato said — a ways beyond Gibralter, facing the region of Gades (Cadiz). It was a supervolcanic island off Portugal’s coast that exploded and sank in the 17th century BC. (See Roots of Cataclysm: Geopulsation and the Atlantis Supervolcano, Algora Publ.NY 2009.) The Atlanteans did, however, penetrate the Caribbean area before their destruction.

  43. 48 Claudia

    New here! And i gotta say, i’m loving this website!

    anything that has to do with Atlantis fascinates me! so this article is great. I hope to see more about this topic in the future, please! 🙂

    • 49 Lim of St.Francis Institution and MMU

      Well, enjoy your love now. That asshole of a JFRater just duped us other user that this website is updated DAILY with new articles. Well its been more than a month now since the last article appeared. Could be because of work or this coming Christmas but he could at least informed us. By the way, the articles here tend to get more and more typical.

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  48. 54 ytler ASSFUCKER

    It’s near the pillars of hercules

  49. 55 Manfwed

    I, I’m pretty sure Atlantis was just the setting of two stories. And it was elaborated upon. I mean, WHAT THE FUCK, two ancients write about a perfect city in the middle of the ocean that was created by a god to protect his Mrs. Straddlet, and they pumped out ten kings and in the end the island was obliterated? KEM ON, two thousand years from now people are going to look back on our literature and figure Hogwarts as an Atlantis if these laws are prove repeatable. Jesus.

  50. 56 Andrea

    Supposedly this lost civilization of Atlantis, by Plato’s account, had a large reflector/mirror- that reflected the light of certain stars in the sky, to capture the energy. At the, (theorized), location near the coast of Florida, it is well documented by astronauts to be a hauntingly bright image that glows under the ocean, that is one of the last viewable sites of earth, while traveling into space. (It is also the location where a huge wall was found, made of large boulders, stacked perfectly, approx 2-4 tons a piece), (much like the Egyptian building/pyramid boulders), for miles. That would signify some type of civilization, but being that it is under water, has not had had the archaelogical coverage that it should…

  51. 57 Andrea

    …..and I’m sure many stories in history, sound as if they are repeated from legend. Does art copy life, or life art? Chicken or egg? Literature, or life? Etc, etc. Christopher Columbus, history has shown us, was not the first to the US- (helloooo- there were Native Americans that were here, that showed many Nordic explorers found the US on their trade route, and were trading here, many centuries before) The Spanish Netherlands, as they were called, had a trade route to the United States, long before Christopher Columbus. Accounts/art written in caves of travelers to the US. The stories that are used in modern history books as fact, are carefully selected for history books; evidence is documented according to what someone wants released to the public. For every truth, known, there are a billion truths, that are unknown, or entitled, “speculation”. (Book of Enoch is as much a fact/known book of the bible, as Genesis); yet scholars chose what to release to the public- ie- what omissions were acceptable. Christopher Columbus was also among the very few that knew the world wasn’t flat. There were many that believed he was insane for that theory, despite evidence proving it…. there will always be a “doubting Thomas”, among a group; despite all evidence to the contrary… otherwise extraordinary finds, would be- well, ordinary… then there are still people that believe the holocaust did not exist; a recent historical marker, considering the history on this topic. This is what I describe as, “chosen ignorance”.

  52. 58 sk8er_boi

    Nice article, but there no mention of the expeditions & conclusions ? That would make it more interesting !

  53. Simply want to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your post is
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  54. 60 b.gupta

    Were rama and ravana were enemy ? , if i am not wrong rama shakti and murgan and veerbhadra are same avatars . there would had been great conspirancies to kill the peoples .which were from the westren and south westron parts of himayalas .

    Culprits and cruel peoples , who had done cruelities on brahma and saraswati , and ganga and sita , ahiyilia , draupdi and on many goddesses and gods ,and on good peoples ,

    crores and crores of peoples are being killed ,destryoed in such a way no one can find out , and given different shapes and made to bad brains and minds , genetical deshaped and disorded to lusty and bad brains and bad minds . are made from single soul to multy humans souls to suffer and painful creatures to never become humans and buried alive under earth and even killed into stomaches and made to toilets and throughn into hells like toilets

    Krishna ,rama ,shiva and others mahans good were/are good peoples ,never do sins ,and indras and others were bad always doing sins and bad acts .why others peoples could not become good humans and peoples

    (my views , which i found some what truth )my views may or may not be acceptable truth.

    Many ramayanas are there , like valmiki ,vashist ,kamb, ramanujan ,ramayanaa are few of many other versons of ramayana ,
    what is the meaning of ramayana found ,– ramayana = ram +ayan ( ayan meaning came ) ,

    according to some stories ahyilyia was cursed by gotham rishi , Ahalya was converted to stone ,As for Ahalya, Gautama granted her the boon that she would be brought back to human form by the touch of the feet of Lord Rama .
    so rama avatar would had been made (incarnated) ,thus how many ramas would had been created ,

    would gotham rishi would be knowing about rama avatar ?

    like ramayana so many ahilya versons are there ,( like in a verson , ganga tells to gautam , it is mid night not the bath time go to home and see some thing would have been wrong ) .

    how many Ahilyas storeies would had been made and how many gautams would had been made and how many ahilyas lifes would had been spoiled ,how many indras would had been made and how many girls/boys souls would had been made to sit in hen or cock and make sound (cock crow) .thus how many would had been made culprits ,sinners ,bad brains ,bad habituals of bad acts and bad karma .
    and those cuilprits , sinners are/would had been made to quarrel and killed in the wars of ramanyana .?

    mahabharta , would had took placed for the revenges and the cruelties happened on ladies ( like savarupnakha ,sita ) . to show the cruelities ,gamblings were played and sarees were made to removed

    mahabharata would had been happened for revenges of ramayana and ramayana would had been happened for ahiylia and what would be reason behind ahiliyia insult was conspirancies or any ones evil idea .

    really how many would had been real culptits and how many would had been created and how many would had been victims of vengences and eneyminities and how many peoples souls would had been killed

    killed peoples would had been given births to different parents , differnt mothers ,different fathers , and thus differnt marrages would had taken places in past birth some ones mothers would had been wife of some another person .and some wrong and illigal methods and would had been used like rapes for the birth and for enemities and revenges .
    thus quarrels would had been on increasing ,and peoples and souls became culprits and victims .

    ( peoples which had to make lifes good and better , used the criminals ,and wrong ideas and methods for spoiling and destroying the lifes )

    More than 99 % of peoples, gods ,souls had been inocents ,had not been victims . if polatictics , conspirancies , crimanilites ,some wrong traditions and some wrong rules of few from the ancient times would had not been made.

    for examples of very few , link given below–copy & paste

    1/ vlc record 2014 10 13 02h33m30s vlc record 2014 10 13 02h31m19s Agathiyar YouTube flv mp4 list=UURxRikkS_B1mWxYWrujrdnw&spfreload=10
    2/ dasavataram .4.avi – YouTube2.wmv kS_B1mWxYWrujrdnw&spfreload=10


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